Simmons Oak Farms

Cold Hardy Palms
Mediterranean Fan Palm
Chamerops humilis

The Mediterranean Fan Palm is one of the most successful palms for general use in landscaping under a wide range of conditions.  Its broad spread, multiple trunks, and dark green foliage make it an excellent choice as an accent tree. 

One of the most cold-hardy of all palms, the Med Fan can tolerate temperatures as low as 0 degrees Farenheit.   Our Dallas customers tell us that the Med Fan were unfazed by the brutal Winter 2010 temperatures. 

Med Fan also do well in hot, dry desert regions.  Native to southern Europe, it is typically found in poor rocky soils.
  It is adaptable to a wide range of soils, provided they are well drained. 

Also known as European Fan Palm, this is a relatively slow growing palm.  A Med Fan grows at a rate of six inches per year.  It can be expected to reach a height and canopy spread of about twenty feet.

If you are into silver plants, ask about our silver cultivar.  They are about hip-high and very cold tolerant. 

One of our largest med fan palms. 

Washingtonia Fan Palm
Washingtonia filibusta

Washingtonia Palms are probably the most common palm in the Rio Grande Valley.  They line our highway system and decorate many of the large buildings and developments.   

Washingtonia filibusta  is a cross between the California Fan Palm and Mexican Fan Palm.  It is cold hardy to 20 degrees Farenheit.  It has a thick trunk.

Washingtonias have naturalized in Deep South Texas.  Once established they are extremely drought tolerant.   

Canary Island Date Palm
Phoenix canariensis

The Canary Island Date Palm is the largest of the date family.  Growing to about 40' in height, the trunk is very thick - up to three feet in diameter.   A mature Canary Date has a distinctive diamond leaf scar pattern.   Give this species ample room to grow. 

Hardy to zone 8B, the Canary Date is very adaptable to both poor soils and dry conditions.  Be sure to plant it in a well-drained spot.   

Simmons Oak Farms, LLC
21225 Krupala Road  *  Harlingen, Texas  78550

Texas Sabal
Sabal mexicana

Texas Sabal is the only palm native to Texas.   It can be identified by its thornless leaf margins and the fact that it tends to hang on to its leaf bases (or boots). 

More robust than Florida's Sabal palmetto, the Texas Sabal is a sturdy fan palm that will reach a mature height of about 30'.   It is very slow growing and an excellent choice for either commercial or home landscapes. 

One of the most cold hardy palms, Texas Sabal performs well as far north as Dallas-Fort Worth.   Betrock's Cold Hardy Palms states that it is "hardy to at least 5 degrees F and reported to survive sub-zero temperatures". 

Windmill Palm
Trachycarpus fortunii

Windmill Palms are considered to be one of the most cold-hardy palms, hardy to zone 7b.  In their native habitat, Windmills receive light winter snow.    This palm as a standard trunk with smallish fan leaves.   Expect a mature Windmill Palm to reach a height of 25'.  It has a high drought tolerance and moderate salt tolerance.  Our trees are field grown and sold
 balled and burlapped.   Ours currently have 2 -4 feet of clear trunk.

Chinese Fan Palm
Livistonia chinensis

Chinese Fan Palms can withstand several degrees below freezing with no damage.  Hardy to Zone 9, it can be safely grown as far north as San Antonio or Austin.   We have some Dallas customers who say they use it and others who say it can't take the North Texas winters.  It probably depends on the little eco-system of your particular project.   

This palm is a slow grower, only adding about 6 inches of height each year.  It's mature height of 25' makes it a terrific palm for an average home landscape.   I do notice it in more commercial projects than home projects. 

True (or Edible) Date Palm
Phoenix dactylifera

A True Date Palm is native to the deserts in North Africa.   This date variety is becoming more widely used in landscaping.  It is highly adaptable but is said not to fruit well in tropical or humid environments.    It often has suckers at the base which are typically removed to retain its single trunk. 

Hardy to zone 8B, this palm is a slow grower that will reach a height of 70'.